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Nitrogen-fixation in root nodules of Alnus is brought about by

  • Bradyrhizobium

  • Clostridium

  • Frankia

  • Azorhizobium

Answer

C.

Frankia

Nitrogen is the most critical element. The atmosphere is the greatest reservoir of nitrogen. Molecular nitrogen cannot be utilised directly by plants. It has to be fixed or converted into compounds prior to utilisation. symbiotic nitrogen fixation is accomplished by Rhizobium species, which occurs on the roots of leguminous plants. Certain non-leguminous plants also form nodules to fix nitrogen. The best-known example in the temperate region is alder (Alnus sp.). The bacteria involved in nodule formation is an Actinomycetes, the frankia.
Clostridium is anaerobic saprotrophic free-living nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
Bradyhizobium is symbiont in plants of parasponia and soybean.

The azohizobium forms both stem and root nodules in Sesbania (aquatic plant).

Nitrogen is the most critical element. The atmosphere is the greatest reservoir of nitrogen. Molecular nitrogen cannot be utilised directly by plants. It has to be fixed or converted into compounds prior to utilisation. symbiotic nitrogen fixation is accomplished by Rhizobium species, which occurs on the roots of leguminous plants. Certain non-leguminous plants also form nodules to fix nitrogen. The best-known example in the temperate region is alder (Alnus sp.). The bacteria involved in nodule formation is an Actinomycetes, the frankia.
Clostridium is anaerobic saprotrophic free-living nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
Bradyhizobium is symbiont in plants of parasponia and soybean.

The azohizobium forms both stem and root nodules in Sesbania (aquatic plant).