Ownclasses
Write a note on phycobilins.
Answer

Phycobilins are water-soluble pigments found in the stroma of chloroplast organelles that are present only in Cyanobacteria and Rhodophyta. The two classes of phycobilins include phycocyanin and phycoerythrin. Phycocyanin is a bluish pigment found in primarily cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) to aid in absorption of light in photosynthesis, while  phycoerythrin is a pigment found in Rhodopyta (red algae) that is responsible for its characteristic red color. It is an accessory pigment that allows red algae to carry out photosynthesis in deep water where wavelengths of blue light are most abundant by absorbing blue light and reflecting red light.