Explain the functions of Liver ?
Functions of Liver :
1. Secretion of bile : The hepatic cells secrete bile.
2. Glycogenesis : The cells of liver store glycogen. Excess amount of glucose is converted into glycogen. The process is called glycogenesis. It occurs with the help of hormone called insulin.
When there is need of glucose, then glycogen is coverted into glucose. This process is called glycogenolysis. It occurs in the presence of glucagon.
3. Deamination : Liver converts excess of amino acids into ammonia. This process is called deamination.
4. Detoxification : Liver converts toxic NH3 into urea which is less harmful.
5. Storage of salts of Fe and Cu : Liver stores salts of Fe and Cu.
6. Manufacture of R.B.C. : Liver manfactures R.B.C. only in embryo.
7. Manufacture of fibrinogens : Liver manfactures fibrinogens which help in blood clotting.
8. Manufacture of Heparin : The liver manufactures haparin which checks clotting in body.
9. Generation of energy : Liver generates energy.
10. Phagocytosis : The Kupffer’s cells engulf foreign bacteria and protect body from diseases.
11. Relief to heart : Liver eliminates excess of material like glucose and amino acids from food and thus provides relief to heart, otherwise heart has to circulate them also.